Role introduction research papers
If you want others to cite your paper, you should make sure they read it first. Let us assume that the title and the abstract of your paper have convinced your peers that they should see your paper. It is then the job of the Introduction section to ensure that they start reading it and keep reading it, to pull them in and to show them around as it were, guiding them to the other parts of the paper Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.
This article tells you, with examples, what you should include in the Introduction and what you should leave out, and what reviewers and journal editors look for in this section. What is the function of the Introduction section? You can also think of the Introduction as the section that points out the gap in knowledge that the rest of the paper will fill, or the section in which you define and claim your territory within the broad area of research.
The Research Paper Introduction in the Essay Structure
The other job the Introduction should do is to give some background information and set the context. You can do this by describing the research problem you considered or the research question you asked in the main body of the paper, you will offer the solution to the problem or the answer to the question and by briefly reviewing any other solutions or approaches that have been tried in the past. Now that you have given the background and set the context, the last part of the Introduction should specify the objectives of the experiment or analysis of the study described in the paper.
This concluding part of the Introduction should include specific details or the exact question s to be answered later in the paper. The 4-step approach to writing the Introduction section. Provide background information and set the context. This initial part of the Introduction prepares the readers for more detailed and specific information that is given later.
Example of a Research Paper
The first couple of sentences are typically broad. Below are some examples:. At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that in the examples above, the Introduction did not begin by talking about agriculture, cancer, or batteries in general, but by mentioning organic matter in soil, the role of bacteria, and lithium ion batteries. Once the first sentence has introduced the broad field, the next sentence can point to the specific area within that broad field.
As you may have noticed, the papers in the examples mentioned above introduced the subfield by mentioning 1 remission of some types cancer following accidental infection by Streptococcus pyogenes , 2 organic matter in soil as a source of nutrients for plants and of energy for microorganisms, and 3 imaging techniques to visualize the 3-dimensional structure of the materials and components of batteries on nanoscale.
Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important. As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research. So now in the following part, you can bring in some statistics to show the importance of the topic or the seriousness of the problem.
Example of a Research Paper
Here are some examples:. Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on. This approach emphasizes the positive. For example, instead of saying that X dollars are lost because of malaria every year, say that X dollars can be saved annually if malaria is prevented, or X millions litres of water can be saved by dispensing with irrigation, or X person-hours can be saved in the form of avoided illnesses because of improved air quality or reduced pollution.
Mention past attempts to solve the research problem or to answer the research question. As mentioned earlier, a formal review of literature is out of place in the Introduction section of a research paper; however, it is appropriate to indicate any earlier relevant research and clarify how your research differs from those attempts.
The differences can be simple: you may have repeated the same set of experiments but with a different organism, or elaborated involving perhaps more sophisticated or advanced analytical instruments the study with a much larger and diverse sample, or a widely different geographical setting. Here are two examples:. Conclude the Introduction by mentioning the specific objectives of your research. The earlier paragraphs should lead logically to specific objectives of your study. Note that this part of the Introduction gives specific details: for instance, the earlier part of the Introduction may mention the importance of controlling malaria whereas the concluding part will specify what methods of control were used and how they were evaluated.
At the same time, avoid too much detail because those belong to the Materials and Methods section of the paper.
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If, for example, your research was about finding the right proportions of two metals in an alloy and you tested ten different proportions, you do not have to list all the ten proportions: it is enough to say that the proportions varied from to Here are two more examples:. There are different ways of constructing the objectives. Using questions 2 , hypotheses, and infinitives are the more common constructions both examples in the previous paragraph use infinitives , each of which is illustrated below with some fictitious text:.
H1: Career stages influence work values.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 4. The Introduction
H2: Career stages influence the level of job satisfaction. H3: Career stages do not influence organizational commitment. Using infinitives. Compared to two other sections of a typical research paper, namely Methods and Results, Introduction and Discussion are more difficult to write. However, the 4-step approach described in this article should ease the task. You can write it, or at least revise it, after you have written the rest of the paper: this will make the Introduction not only easier to write but also more compelling.
Detailing the writing of scientific manuscripts: paragraphs. In general, you might be studying Ancient Greek literature or Medieval Europe during the fall or spring. To come up with a high-quality paper introduction and other parts of this written assignment body and conclusion , a student is encouraged to study many things.
Bear in mind such tips: First, you need to conduct broad primary research preferably along with gathering secondary sources interviews, polls, etc. Then, it will be easier to think of the hypothesis to support. It is one of the most effective ways to save hours as well as lots of energy required to study all the formatting rules, which are required to write a research before the deadline. So, it is not surprising that most students choose to write a project with the help of experienced writers rather than study days and nights and brainstorm the hypothesis and arguments to support it.
Do you want to learn how to write an essay introduction of the highest quality and avoid the need to study sacrificing your personal interests?
It is important that the success of this part predetermines the fate of the finished text. Start with observing any good text examples. Make notes on what you like in the text you read, analyze what makes the quality samples, and write a paper after you study the tips in good examples in front of you. It is number one among the efficient methods to achieve the goal. You must find sources that are no older than five years when you write a paper beginning and the rest of the paper. In fact, museums are just as useful places to visit as libraries, editions, or scientific institutions while doing research, lab report, coursework, thesis statement, or paper introduction.
A student receives far more valuable knowledge and a deeper vision of a particular issue instead of copy-pasting information from the web.
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Of course, you may paraphrase some article, posts, entire abstracts, forums, e-books, etc when you write a research. But putting on a mask of Sherlock in search of truth is much more exciting that to study books. This is how you will be able to find the idea for the most hooking and unique thesis statement, which plays a significant role in guessing the password to the understanding of the introductory part.
You have to search for the difference between research paper format and other academic assignments with the purpose to understand it in full. Just like any other assignment, it has:. But one has to make sure that your paper thesis statement sounds stronger than ever. The overall structure must be perfect. They know effective tips and tricks that work brilliantly.
To get a high score, it is necessary to show your work corresponds to all the related standards.
It is easy to login on the site within several seconds, and use your login for the further site use. Be careful when learning the basics for each section of our effective writing guide. In the context of this related section, you need to discuss why you have chosen this certain problem for the discussion, give some useful background details, explain why the paper might be important for everybody, and why they are encouraged to spend a few minutes reading your article.
Describe the methods you are going to follow. Give hints on what sort of background information your readers will obtain: fun or serious, neutral or debatable, globally or locally important. You should make it clear what context the idea can be used in.